Jonathan Holloway is Professor of History, African American Studies, and American Studies at Yale University and Master of Yale’s Calhoun College. He is the author of Confronting the Veil: Abram Harris Jr., E. Franklin Frazier, and Ralph Bunche, 1919-1941 (2002) and Jim Crow Wisdom: Memory and Identity in Black America Since 1940 (2013); the editor of Ralph Bunche’s A Brief and Tentative Analysis of Negro Leadership (2005); and the co-editor of the anthology Black Scholars on the Line: Race, Social Science, and American Thought in the 20th Century (2007). Professor Holloway received his PhD from Yale in 1995.
At the time of the 2000 Census , % of African Americans lived in the South . In that year, % of African Americans lived in the Northeast and % in the Midwest , while only % lived in the western states. The west does have a sizable black population in certain areas, however. California, the nation's most populous state, has the fifth largest African-American population, only behind New York, Texas, Georgia, and Florida. According to the 2000 Census, approximately % of African Americans identified as Hispanic or Latino in origin ,  many of whom may be of Brazilian , Puerto Rican , Dominican , Cuban , Haitian , or other Latin American descent. The only self-reported ancestral groups larger than African Americans are the Irish and Germans .  Because many African Americans trace their ancestry to colonial American origins, some simply self-identify as " American ". [ citation needed ]