The Dawes Act of 1887, designed to break up tribally held territories into individual land allotments, resulted in the second removal of Choctaw people from the Southeast. Part of the Trout Creek band made the difficult journey to enroll as full blood Choctaw in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). Two migrations to Choctaw Nation in the early 20 th century decimated the population of the Trout Creek community. The population was revitalized around 1919, however, when an extended family with ties to the Bayou Lacombe Choctaw settled among the families near the growing town of Jena (Mary Jackson Jones, Personal Communication, 20 September 2002; Lee 2006).
In his will, Vann left nearly all his property to Joseph Vann ,  his eldest son by Nannie Brown. This followed European-American practice, but differed from the traditional Cherokee matrilineal system of having property passed on through the maternal line.  Joseph inherited the Spring Place plantation (Diamond Hill), and the property on the Tennessee River later known as Vann's Town. He became known as "Rich Joe" Vann. Because Vann had gone against tradition, the National Cherokee Council recognized the other children of Vann's nine wives or consorts as minor heirs, and they shared in the inheritance of lesser amounts of property.