Everyone has the need to express themselves in some form or another, whether artistically, verbally or through writing. However, while there are various ways of communicating thoughts and ideas, the most important method is most definitely through verbal communication. The problem is that many people find verbal communication, especially when it comes to speeches, very disconcerting. This is even more true when it comes to a persuasive speech. Giving a speech is difficult enough, but combine that with a speech that hinges on convincing an audience to see a certain point of view or to be more receptive to a specific idea and it’s easy to understand why the thought of making a speech is terrifying to some people.
Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.