Compared to Huck's father, the town drunkard, who seems to care more about his son's money and his power of authority rather than Huck himself, these two ladies appear to be Huck's angelic defenders. However, while these women promote the outstanding qualities of the typical do-gooder of society, in many ways they (and all of the other characters in this story that take on this attitude) serve as our hero's enemy. Not only do they crush Huck's natural spirit with their harsh rules, they also demonstrate bad qualities, such as racial discrimination, through the slavery and mistreatment of blacks, and greed, like when Miss Watson plans to sell Jim to a slave trader which will separate him from his family.
MacIntyre’s use of the term “modern liberal individualism” in philosophy is not equivalent to “liberalism” in contemporary politics. Some readers interpreted MacIntyre’s rejection of “modern liberal individualism” to mean that he is a political conservative ( AV , 3 rd ed., p. xv), but MacIntyre uses “modern liberal individualism” to name a much broader category that includes both liberals and conservatives in contemporary American political parlance, as well as some Marxists and anarchists (See ASIA , pp. 280-284). Conservatism, liberalism, Marxism, and anarchism all present the autonomous individual as the unit of civil society (see “ The Theses on Feuerbach : A Road Not Taken.”); none of these political theories can provide a well-developed conception of the common good; and none of them can adequately explain or justify any shared pursuit of any common good.
Mark Twain examines the relationship between moral codes and their effect on society through the characters he develops in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Twain constructs a unique moral code for each individual character based on that character's expectations from and treatment by society and his personal experience. In this novel morals mainly pivot around either compliance or defiance, which have the capacity to either blindly support or shrewdly undermine any societal institution, respectively. The young Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer, pivotal characters in the novel, personify these moral opposites: one as a troubled societal outcast, the other as a typical white boy with an affinity for fun and games.