It seems to me that the author is suggesting that all men are still savages at heart and that civilization is just a thin veneer which can easily break down when men find themselves in an unstructured setting. (This is what happened to Kurtz in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness .) The boys are particularly susceptible to reverting to savagery on his deserted island because they are young and have not been subjected to much enculturation during their brief lifetimes. What is happening to all of them is happening on a worldwide scale where World War II is raging. There the grown men are also reverting to savagery, and if the war had gone on for many more years, as it does in H. G. Wells' novel Things to Come , civilization would have degenerated into a new Dark Ages. Your thesis for your paper on Lord of the Flies might be something like this:
as the priestess of the bloodbath
was the first to fall upon him.
He snatched the headband off his hair
to let Agave, wretched woman, see
who it was and so not murder him.
He touched her on the cheek and cried:
"Mother, it is I, your child, your Pentheus,
born to you in Echion's house.
Have mercy on me, Mother,
and because of my msitakes do not kill your son--your son."
She was foaming at the mouth.
Her dilated eyeballs rolled.
Her mind was gone--
possessed by Bacchus --she could not hear her son.
A continuing controversy surrounding the political message of the novel and its view of human nature has led some readers to challenge its status as a book suitable for children. The American Library Association thus positioned Lord of the Flies at number 70 on its list of the 100 most challenged books of 1990-2000. Among literary critics of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, however, Lord of the Flies has been revisited less as an allegory of human evil than as a literary expression of Cold War ideology. This historicizing does not do justice to the novel. But in terms of reception history, contemporary critics are right to note that the novel's position at the center of many English curricula across America and Great Britain during the Cold War illustrates how the pedagogy of literature has been used to bolster national identity and ideology.