Close reading is deep analysis of how a literary text function; it is both a reading process and something you include in a literary analysis paper. When you read a text paying specific attention to certain literary elements, looking for particular patters, or following the development of a particular character, you are practicing close reading. Likewise, when you watch a film with particular emphasis on a certain element, you are doing a close reading. Of course, when one writes an essay that teases out a certain element, this is the beginning of a close reading. Like literary analysis more generally, close reading is not a means in and of itself. Close reading helps inform the larger meaning or import of a work.
When we receive your manuscript, we carefully note any editing instructions you provide, especially your final deadline; the journal name or stylistic guide, such as Chicago Manual of Style; and whether you require British or American English. Susan Hatch Morgan, our Managing Editor, then identifies an editor in or familiar with your field who can meet your deadline. The editor prepares a sample edit of 500 words for documents 5,000 words or more, or 10 percent of submissions under 5,000 words. The sample edit demonstrates how your editor will edit your paper and also allows us to calculate the cost of editing your paper based on the editing level the sample edit reveals.