Close reading is deep analysis of how a literary text function; it is both a reading process and something you include in a literary analysis paper. When you read a text paying specific attention to certain literary elements, looking for particular patters, or following the development of a particular character, you are practicing close reading. Likewise, when you watch a film with particular emphasis on a certain element, you are doing a close reading. Of course, when one writes an essay that teases out a certain element, this is the beginning of a close reading. Like literary analysis more generally, close reading is not a means in and of itself. Close reading helps inform the larger meaning or import of a work.
In the Philippines, an academic thesis is named by the degree, such as bachelor/undergraduate thesis or masteral thesis. However, in Philippine English , the term doctorate is typically replaced with doctoral (as in the case of "doctoral dissertation"), though in official documentation the former is still used. The terms thesis and dissertation are commonly used interchangeably in everyday language yet it generally understood that a thesis refers to bachelor/undergraduate and master academic work while a dissertation is named for doctorate work.
In the early 1990's, with the rising appeal of urban street skating, some of the world's most talented, professional skateboarders decided to make LOVE Park their training grounds. The space quickly became known internationally as one of the finest natural skate parks in the world. Tourists came from all over to see and skate the famous skate spot. There is even a popular skateboard video game featuring LOVE Park. In 2000/2001, LOVE Park's vast fame was the major factor that brought ESPN's X-Games tournament to Philadelphia twice. This is the first time in X-Games history they stayed for two consecutive years in one city. The X-Games brought millions of dollars in tourism and was watched by 150 million households worldwide. Its events and publicity all focused around Philadelphia's skateboard scene, LOVE Park in particular.